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::::: Country Opportunities

Country presentation

Algeria currently has a very favourable macro-economic situation. The good performance of crude oil prices and the efficacious management of the external debt has helped to fill the State’s coffers. However, the purchasing power of the inhabitants remains relatively limited. In this context, the government is making an effort to give a boost to activity, to diversify and liberalise the economy and call upon private investment.

The weight of the State is starting to diminish. A number of sectors have been privatised during the past two years. Among them, telecommunications, maritime and air transport, tourism and mining.
The last stronghold would seem to be the energy sector. During the years to come, economic progress will depend on an improvement in the social and political climate and the capacity of the authorities to reassure investors and develop an entrepreneurial class, especially in the SME domain.
The reforms follow each other relentlessly in an attempt to help the country to revive its growth, and society and businesses win their gamble on the global market. The objective: attract investors from outside the energy sector and escape from the dependence on oil. The reform of the banking system and the restructuring of the industrial domain are some of the priorities set by the authorities. These areas are badly in need of modernisation.

Imports remain at a high level in the consumer durable domain. Furthermore, the country is the leading African importer of agro-food products. Despite incontestable assets, Algeria, compared with the other Mediterranean countries, has hardly developed its tourist activities, especially the coastal area (1,200 kilometres of shoreline). The domains of transport and catering are also under-exploited.

The level of unemployment is high: it is estimated at 25%. Unemployment affects essentially the young. The economy is not sufficiently diversified and the country is still too dependent on the price of crude oil. Agriculture has suffered from a period of post-colonial nationalisation and still remains too dependent upon the random effects of the climate. In 1992, the interruption of the electoral process was to signal the start of fundamentalist violence and the rise in Islamic terrorism which is at the origin of the death of more than 100,000 people in ten years and the disappearance of thousands of others. This crisis, today largely overcome, has created serious disturbances in the economy for more than a decade.


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::::: Country map  


Strong points
Algeria can take advantage of its geographical position in the centre of the Maghreb, the potential of its population, its high quality and competitive labour force, a dense industrial fabric (steel industry, petrochemicals, machinery, electronics, etc.) and now a new policy favourable to business.

The wealth of hydrocarbons means that this sector really is the heavyweight industry of the economy. In fact, it provides 25 % of the GDP. The country is in fifth place in the world for its reserves of natural gas and in 14th place for oil. Europe’s needs in oil and natural gas are an immense advantage for Algeria. In fact, 95% of Algeria’s exports are destined for these countries. Partnerships with foreign companies have enabled oil reserves at 1970 levels to be identified. There are a number of projects underway for a total value of 20 billion dollars, including the construction of two new gas pipelines towards Spain and Italy. Other non-negligible mineral resources remain under-exploited especially phosphates.

The large numbers of universities, grandes écoles and professional training centres, which supply a reservoir of qualified staff, enable companies to recruit quality personnel.

The country’s remarkable sites, its position close to the European market (Algiers is one hour from Marseille by plane), the wealth of the Algerian culture, and the traditions of hospitality make the great hopes for the tourist industry perfectly legitimate.

An investment promotion agency, the ANDI, saw the light of day in 2001, a sign of the determination of the government to open up to outside investment. Customs duties have dropped dramatically. Generally, foreigners benefit from exactly the same customs and fiscal advantages as the nationals and have the possibility to repatriate the capital invested.

:: References



Surface area
2 382 000 km2
30,9 millions inhabitants
Arabic, French, Berber
GNP/per capita (dollars)
2,100 $US ( forecast at end 2003)
Sunni Muslims (99 %)
National holiday
5th July (independence in 1962)

:::: Country Opportunities

          How invest in Algeria?

The opening up of the Algerian economy has made rapid progress over the past few years thus enabling its entry into the market economy. The legislation and regulations provide measures to encourage and facilitate the efforts of all investors, without distinction between domestic or foreign capital. In this context, Algeria has provided itself with an investment code modified by the ruling No. 01-03 of 20th August 2001 concerning the development of investments. This ruling offers a series of advantages to investors and has introduced the instruments necessary for a policy of investment promotion such as the National Investment Council chaired by the Head of the Government, the National Investment Development Agency (ANDI), with its central structures and its one-stop units which bring together all the administrative sectors concerned by investment action. The Agency also manages the Investment Support Fund.

As for facilities, they include a fiscal and a parafiscal part granting large reductions even exonerations, depending on the regime chosen, of certain company charges (application of the reduced rate of customs duty for equipment imported in the framework of the investment to be made, exoneration of tax on annual profits, tax on overall income, and VAT on goods and services…). Algerian legislation provides for different levels of preferential treatment. The general regime grants standardised advantages that are essentially linked to the setting up of the project, and special regimes intend to favour certain investments depending on their nature, interest or location. The different facilities may be spread over three years in the context of the general regime and over a maximum of ten years for special regimes.

Algeria news

The law also grants guarantees essential to investors. The investment guarantee which concerns non-discrimination and the identical treatment of all non-resident physical and legal entities (national or foreign) and between those and the Algerian physical and legal entities. Also guaranteed is the transfer of capital invested and the associated income (if the latter has been made thanks to foreign currency equity), the inviolability of the law, the settlement of disputes between the State and the investor as well as the guarantee allowing recourse to international arbitration.

Any investor, whether a physical person or a legal entity, national or foreign, interested in the Algerian market, has several possibilities for becoming involved on Algerian territory: he can set up under his own name, by creating a legal entity under common Algerian law (Algerian commercial law) 100% constituted of non-resident capital, he can associate himself with one or several residents (physical persons or legal entities) to create a Mixed Enterprise (S.E.M.), take one or several stakes in the capital of an already existing company, underwrite a management contract. According to the provisions of the Commerce Code, the law guarantees investors the choice of legal form of the company to be created such as a stock company (SPA), a limited liability company (SARL), a single person company with limited liability (EURL), a general partnership (SNC), limited partnerships, joint stock companies, or joint venture companies. A new version of the Commerce Code is to be drawn up in the not too distant future to satisfy the conditions of Algeria’s international commitments, especially those with the European Union and its membership of the WTO.

Since 1st January 2002, a new customs tariff has been in force. It has been drawn up according to an eight figure structure and comprises four customs rates : 0, 5, 15 and 30%, depending on the degree to which the imported products have been transformed. The rate of 5% is applicable for raw materials and generally for capital equipment, the average rate (15%) for semi-finished and intermediate products, the highest rate (30%) for final end-user consumer goods. These rate levels, to which should be applied any duty exoneration for certain sectors as well as capital concerning the new investors, means that Algeria is the most open country in the Mediterranean basin even before the phasing out of tariffs planned by the free trade area comes into force. However, an additional temporary duty (DAP) is applied to certain goods so as to protect locally produced products. From 60% at the start (2001), it is a degressive duty (12% /annum) in time, until it disappears completely in 2006. 


    Général & politique, General & politic

    Actualité, News online

    Economie, Economy

    Institutions, Institutions 

    Business, Affaires
Général, General 
  Données générales, General data

Algérie - Institut du Monde Arabe
Algeria: Energy Information - US.EIA
Algeria - US Department of State
Algeria - MENIC
Algeria - African Studies
Algeria – Ethnologue
Algeria – US Library of Congress
Algeria - UN Economic Commission for Africa
Arab Net Algeria
CIA World Factbook

Outils de recherche, Search tools

Algérie général / Algeria News / / Eldjazaï / Gecos /
Marweb Algérie / Menic Algeria (U.Texas)
Wanadoo Algérie / Woyaa ! Algérie / Yahoo ! Algeria


Gov WWW: Algeria

Pages jaunes, Pages blanches

Annuaire des E-mails d'Algériens en Algérie - CERIST
Pages Jaunes

  Données politiques, Political data

Crises et conflits, Crisis and conflicts

Archives Nationales d'Algérie
Algeria Reports – International Crisis Group
INCORE guide to Internet sources on conflict and ethnicity in Algeria
Algérie : territoire du chaos, territoire protégé,  Dossier Arte, Le dessous des cartes 03/1998
La guerre d'Algérie à la télévision française - INA
Histoire de l'Algérie (guerre, indépendance) - France 5 Edu

Droits de l’Homme, Human Rights

ReliefWeb on Algeria
Algérie - Fédération Internationale des Droits de l'Homme
Algeria - Amnesty International
Algeria - Human Rights Watch
Algérie – Reporter Sans Frontières
Algeria - 2003 Human Rights Reports US Depart of State
Algeria Watch International

Mouvements politiques, Political parties

Forum des nationalistes libres 
Front de Liberation Nationale (FLN) 
Harakat Moudjtamaa Silm (HMS) 
Itinéraire Démocratique et Social (IDS) 
MAK : Le Mouvement pour l'Autonomie de la Kabylie
MAOL - Mouvement Algérien des Officiers Libres
Parti du Renouveau Algerien (PRA) 
Parti Socialiste des Travailleurs (PST) 
Rassemblement pour la Culture et la Democratie (RCD) 
Parti Algérien pour la Démocratie et le Socialisme (PADS)

Sites d'intérêt, Interesting web sites

Elections around the world - Wilfried Derksen
Political Leaders - Roberto Ortíz de Zárate
World Statesmen - Benjamin Cahoon
Political Resources on the Net - Roberto Cicciomessere

Relations extérieures, Foreign relations

Relations France Algérie – Ministère Français des Affaires Etrangères
Ambassade de France en Algérie
Réseau culturel et de coopération français en Algérie
Consulat d'Algérie à Besançon
Consulat Général d'Algérie à Lille
Consulat d'Algérie à Saint-Etienne

Delegation de la commission européenne en Algerie
Ambassade d'Algérie à Bruxelles

Permanent Mission of Algeria to the UN in Geneva
Permanent Mission of Algeria to the UN in New York

Ambassade des Etats Unis à Alger
Algeria - US Department of State
Ambassade d'Algérie à Washington

Ambassade d'Algérie à Ottawa
Ambassade d'Algérie à Prague
Algerian Consulate London
Consulat Général d'Algérie en Allemagne
Algerian Embassy in Korea
Embaixada da Argélia em Lisboa
Consulat Général d'Algérie à Genève
Ambassade d'Algérie à Bruxelles
Ambassade d'Algérie à Djakarta
Ambassade d'Algérie à Copenhague

Actualité, News 
  Actualité générale, General news 

L'actualité vue d'Algérie, News from Algeria

Agence Algérienne d'Information
El Khabar
Le Matin
El Moudjahid
Nouvelle République
Le Quotidien d’Oran
Le Soir d’Algérie
La Tribune
El Watan
El Youm

Radio Algérienne
Télévision Algérienne

L'actualité vue  d'Afrique, News from Africa

allAfrica Algeria

L'actualité vue
de France, News from France

Synthèse de presse Ambassade de France
Algérie – Actualité Yahoo ! France
Berbère Télévision
Beur FM

L'actualité vue
des Etats-Unis, News from United States

Algeria News - Yahoo! Full Coverage
North Africa Journal

Autres, Other

Algeria - Africa Confidential
Algeria Interface

Economie, Economy
  Analyse et synthèse, Analysis and synthesis

Algeria and the IMF
Country Data - PRS Online
Development Gateway Country Overview on Algeria
Economist Intelligence Unit : Algeria
The World Bank in Algeria

Institutions bancaires, Banks

Banque Nationale d'Algerie 
Banque Exterieure d'Algerie 
Caisse Nationale d'Epargne et de Prévoyance 
Banque ALBARAKA d'Algerie 
Banque de Developement Local 
Banque de l'Agriculture et du Developement Rurale 

Statistiques économiques, Economic statistics

CIA World Factbook
Country Data - PRS Online
Office National de Statistiques - National Office of Statistics
Human Development Report United Nations Development Programme

Institutions, Institutions
  Gouvernement & Administration,
 Government & Administration

Assemblée Populaire Nationale 

Presidence de la Republique 

Secrétariat Général du Gouvernement - Journal Officiel

Ministère du Tourisme 
Ministère du Travail et de la Securité Sociale 
Ministère des Relations avec le Parlement 
Ministère des Finances 
Ministère des Travaux Publics 
Ministère de la PME et de l'Artisanat 
Ministère de l'Habitat et de l'Urbanisme 
Ministère de la Formation Professionelle 
Ministère de l'Action Sociale et de la Solidarité Nationale 
Ministère des Postes et Telecom 
Ministère de la Justice 
Ministère des Affaires Etrangères 
Ministère de l'Energie et des Mines 
Ministère des Ressources en Eau 
Ministère du Commerce 
Ministère des Affaires Religieuses et des Wakfs 
Ministère des Travaux Publics 
Ministère de la Culture et de la Communication 
Ministère de l'Enseignement Sup. et de la Recherche Scientifique 
Ministère de la Formation et de l'Enseignement Professionnel 
Ministère de l'Industrie 
Ministère délégué auprés du chef du gouvernement, chargé de la Communauté Nationale a l'Etranger 
Ministère de la Santé, de la Population et de la Réforme Hospitalière
Ministère de la Jeunesse et des Sports

Archives Nationales d'Algérie
Banque Nationale d'Algerie
Caisse Nationale d'Assurance Chômage (CNAC)
Centre National du Registre du Commerce
Direction Générale des impôts
Institut algérien de normalisation (IANOR)
Office algérien de promotion du commerce extérieur (PROMEX)
Office National de la Météorologie
Office National de Statistiques
Société algérienne des foires et exportations (SAFEX)
Télévision Algérienne

Cour Suprême
Conseil d'Etat
Conseil Constitutionnel
Cour des Comptes

Lexalgeria - Portail officiel du droit algérien en ligne

Institutions Régionales

Wilaya de Ain Temouchent
Wilaya d'Annaba
Wilaya de Bejaia
Wilaya de Bordj Bou Arreridj
Wilaya de Bouira
Wilaya de Djelfa
Wilaya de Mascara
Wilaya de Naâma
Wilaya d'Oran
Wilaya de Skikda
Wilaya de Tiaret
Wilaya de Tizi Ouzou

Institutions Académiques

Université d'Alger
Université de Batna
Université de Béjaia
Université de Blida
Université de Boumerdès
Université de Sidi Bel Abbes
Université d' Oran
Université de Jijel
Université de Laghouat
Université de Mostaganem
Université de Ouargla
Université des Sciences Islamiques de Constantine
Université Des Sciences et Technologies  Houari Boumedienne
Université de Skikda
Université de Tlemcen

Ecole Militaire Polytechnique - Bordj El-bahri - Alger
Ecole Nationale des Travaux Publics - Alger
Ecole Nationale Polytechnique - Alger
Ecole Nationale d’Administration - Alger
Ecole Supérieure de Banque
Ecole Nationale Supérieure de l'Hydraulique
Ecole Normale Supérieure d'Enseignement Technique d'Oran
Institut National de formation en Informatique (INI)

Centres de Recherche

Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables
Centre de Développement des Technologies Avancées
Centre de Recherche en Anthropologie Sociale et Culturelle
Centre de Recherche en Astronomie, Astrophysique et Géophysique
Centre de Recherche sur l'Information Scientifique et Technique
Centre National de Recherche appliquée en Génie Parasismique

Répertoire des Compétences Nationales pour la Coopération Technique

Business, Affaires
  Informations business, Business informations

Country Profiles Algeria - MBendi Information for Africa
Mission Economique à Alger - Ambassade de France

Agence Française de Développement
Algeria Chamber of Commerce - Chambre de Commerce d'Alger
Chambre Algérienne de commerce et d'industrie
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie des Aures
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie d'Alger et de Boumerdes
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de la Mitidja
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie du M'ZAB
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie la TAFNA
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie Nemamchas
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie de l'Ouarsenis
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie Seybouse
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie SOUMMAM-SETIF
Chambre de commerce et d'industrie du TITTERI
Chambre Française de Commerce et d'Industrie en Algérie
Club d’Entrepreneurs Algériens de France
US Export.Gov: Recent documents on Algeria economy (Trade Information Center)

Opportunités d'affaires, Business opportunities

Business-dz - Appels d'offres 
Projects Search - MBendi Information for Africa
Algeria Business Opportunities


Current and Upcoming Events

   The 2nd Algeria Electricity Expo 2006 and The Algeria Kitchen, Bath & Lighting Expo 2006 (September 11-13, 2006)

The 2nd Algeria Electricity Expo 2006 and The Algeria Kitchen, Bath & Lighting Expo 2006 to be held on September 11-13, 2006 at the Palais des Expositions Center in Algiers. These expos are the largest and most powerful gathering of Algerian contractors, importers and distributors looking for kitchen, bath, lighting products and electrical/electricity products, services and solutions. We are expecting companies from Italy, Germany, France, US, China, Spain, Turkey, UAE and other neighboring countries to participate and I hope you can come and join us together with Canadian companies who want to expand their market in Algeria and take advantage of this event.

If you need more information regarding these events, you may visit and or contact Meena DE GUZMAN at (971) 4 2686870.

Alger Telecom 2006-Djaz IT 06/November 05-08,2006

The Canadian embassy in Algiers is pleased to inform Canadian companies that Alger Telecom 2006 and Djaz IT 06 will take place in Algiers from Novembre 19-22, 2006. These events are especially intended for the professionals of the ICT sector. Held under the high patronage of the Algerian Ministry of Post and Information and Communication Technologies, Alger Telecom 2006 will gather the suppliers of services while Djaz IT 06 will interest the ICT service companies and suppliers of material and software. According to a study published by the Authority of regulation for Post and Telecommunications, the teledensity on fixed telephones should reach 20% in 2010 (against 9,45% in 2005). In addition, the prospects for access to the Internet are 4 million (ADSL) for a rate of connectivity of 35%. Regarding fixed networks, the investments are estimated at more than 1 billion US $ for the next 15 years. Canadian companies interested by these markets are invited to participate at these events and to contact directly the organizers if they wish to exhibit. For additional information, please visit or

Algeria Energy Week / November 25-29,2006

The Canadian embassy in Algiers is pleased to invite Canadian companies involved in energy and oil & gas sectors to participate at the third Algeria Energy Week (SEA3) which will take place from November 25-29, 2006 in Oran-Algeria. Supported by Mr. Chakib Khelil, Algerian Minister of Energy and Mines, this important event intervenes one year after the adoption of the new hydrocarbons law and the announcement of an investment plan of 30 billion US $ until 2010. SEA 3 will be an ideal meeting place for experts and foreign companies to share their expertise and to discuss development, investment and partnership opportunities with the most important decision-makers of the Algerian energy oil and gas sectors. For more details about this event, please visit

Please note that this Sonatrach event is the most important energy event held every two years. It is an excellent occasion for Canadian companies to present their specialities. Please contact immediatly the organizers as facilities are limited.

Algerian oil & gas exhibition / Jan 30th-Feb 2nd, 2007

By taking place in the heart of the Algerian oil & gas reserves, this event gives the opportunity to penetrate this important market. Show details



Mots-clés, Keywords Algérie / Algeria /



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